Unemployment claims or benefits began in 1911. More than two million people were relying on unemployment claims by 1921 due to the economic difficulty experienced by the United Kingdom after World War 1. It is commonly referred as ‘being on the dole’. In America, this is classified as a kind of social welfare and according to the Internal Revenue Code, these are benefits included in a taxpayer’s gross income.

Wisconsin started the idea of unemployment insurance in the year 1932. Unemployment insurance is a program financed jointly through federal and state employer payroll taxes. In general, an employer should pay both federal and state unemployment taxes if the wages they give to their employees amount to $1,500 or more in a quarter of a calendar year or have at least one employee at any day of a week during 20 weeks in a calendar year. Nevertheless, state laws may vary from the federal law.

Generally, the worker who qualifies for unemployment claims must be unemployed without his or her fault, such as a lay-off. The benefits are based on the reported quarterly earnings covered. The amount and number of quarters worked are used to establish the value and length of the benefit. The average payment is 36 percent of the person’s average weekly wage paid every week. Those who do not qualify for this benefit include part-time workers, self-employed and temporary workers.

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